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Fascicles I and II of the work Flora brasiliensis: sive enumeratio plantarum in Brasilia hactenus detectarum quas cura musei caes. reg. palat. vindobonensis suis aliorumque botanicorum studiis descriptas et methodo naturali digestas. Flora Brasiliensis was written by Karl Friedrich Philipp Von Martius (1794-1868), German botanist, member of the Austrian Scientific Commission, that in the 19th century, for 2 years and 9 months, traveled through the interior of Brazil, from São Paulo to São...
Topics: Botanical Latin, Rizzini latim para botânicos, flora brasiliensis, Karl Friedrich Philipp Von...
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Two articles on the use of the Latin language today, one by Tunberg and another by Donckermann. Students of modern Latin should re-write both articles using the Locke-Hamilton method.
Topics: modern Latin, the Latin language as an auxiliary language
Herodoti Historiarum Libri IX Recognovit Gulielmus Dindorfius Parisiis. Editore Ambrosio Firmin Didot, Instituti Imperialis Franciae Typographo, 1858. Table Of Contents: Herodoti Historiarum Liber Primus.(Clio.). Herodoti Historiarum Liber Secundus. (Euterpe.) Herodoti Historiarum Liber Tertius. (Thalia.). Herodoti Historiarum Liber Quartus. (Melpomene.). Herodoti Historiarum Liber Quintus. (Terpsichore.). Herodoti Historiarum Liber Sextus. (Erato.) Herodoti Historiarum Liber Septimus....
Topics: Herodotus Halicarnassus, de causa bellorum inter Graecos et Barbaros
This is the second edition of Augusto Magne's Grammatica Latina without the appendices and optimized. The history of the Latin language can be divided into three periods, the first two with durations of about one thousand years each. The first 1000 years correspond to the Roman Latin, from the foundation of the City to the end of the Western Roman Empire in the age of Aurelius Augustinus. This grammar by the Brazilian Latinist Augusto Magne describes the state of the Roman language in its first...
Topics: histoire de la langue latine, le latin médievale, le néolatin, le latin de l’église,...
Le philosophe anglais John Locke savant bien qu'une méthode d’apprentissage du latin comme une langue vivante a peu de chance d’être utilisée, par manque des précepteurs qui parlent bien le latin, propose une autre solution très pratique: Prendre un livre facile et agréable, par exemple les Fables d’Ésope, et écrire sur deux lignes, l’une au-dessus de l’autre, d’une part la traduction anglaise, aussi littérale que possible, de l’autre le mot latin qui correspond à chacun...
Topics: Auteurs latin avec deux traductions françaises, César, Cicéron, Quinte Curse, Ovid, Salluste,...
Los commentarios de Cayo Julio Cesar traducidos y anotados por Don Joseph de Goya y Muniain, Madrid 1798. 530 páginas. Este informe militar simple y directo, enviado por Caio Júlio Cesar al Senado de la Ciudad de Roma, se ha convertido en un texto escolar clásico de la lengua romana, no solo por su importancia histórica, sino también por su contenido geográfico y etnológico, y especialmente por la claridad y la facilidad del estilo del autor. Los estudiantes de latín moderno, adultos...
Topics: lingua latina clásica, latín medieval, neolatin, César en español, pronuncia del latín,...
Cornelius Nepos nació en la Galia Cisalpina, pero vivió en Roma y era amigo de Cicerón, Ático y Catulo. La mayoría de sus escritos están perdidos. Incluyeron poemas, ejemplos morales sacados de la historia, un bosquejo cronológico de historia general, una obra geográfica, vidas de Catón el Viejo y Cicerón, y otras biografías. De su obra De Viris Illustribus subsisten las Vitae Excellentium Imperatorum, aqui traducidas, que contienen vidas de generales griegos excepto tres y un...
Topics: Cornelius Nepos, vidas de varones ilustres, vitae excellentium imperatorum, sintaxe latina, el...
Este informe militar simple y directo, enviado por Caio Júlio Cesar al Senado de la Ciudad de Roma, se ha convertido en un texto escolar clásico de la lengua romana, no solo por su importancia histórica, sino también por su contenido geográfico y etnológico, y especialmente por la claridad y la facilidad del estilo del autor. Los estudiantes de latín moderno, adultos autodidactas, pueden comenzar a estudiar el idioma de César de inmediato, utilizando gramáticas elementales y...
Topics: Cayo Julio Cesar, Commentarios de la guierra de las Gallias, Joseph Goya y Munian, métodos de John...
Cornelius Tacitus, Roman politician, historian and orator, was born in 56  CE and lived to about 120. He was quaestor in 81 or 82, a senator under the Flavian emperors,  a praetor in 88 and a consul in 97. Close friend of the younger Pliny who described for Tacitus the death of Pliny the Elder, during the earthquake of Pompey. Tacitus is renowned for his concise style, character study, and psychological analysis, and for the often terrible events which he brilliantly described. He is a...
Topics: dialogus de oratoribus, de vita et moribus Iulii Agricolae, germania sive de origine situ moribus...
Cette édition du texte latin avec traduction en regard des Philippiques de Cicéron , publiée par Panckoucke, a été simplifiée. Il est bien connu que les ouvrages des auteurs classiques sont publiées avec des introductions vernaculaires douloureusement longues, des index complets des noms, des longues bibliographies, des analyses critiques des manuscrits existants et avec des milliers de notes des éditeurs. Dans cette édition, seul le texte latin et la traduction sont présentés pour...
Topics: oeuvres completes de Cicéron, auteurs latins graece et latine, auteurs latins expliqués par deux...
This is a simplified edition of the two volumes  of Suetonius Lives of the Caesars, Vitae Caesarum, with an English translation by Rolfe, for the  Loeb classical library. The two small volumes together  make  a total of 1004 pages.  Every work published by the Loeb classical library comes with presentations,  introductions, indices of names,  bibliographies, and  notes by the editors. All this has been  suppressed in this edition. Students of modern Latin just need  access to ...
Topics: Suetonius, vitae caesarum, de viris illustribus, scriptitavit et raro et tarde, ab ista parasitica...
Marcus Cornelius Fronto (100-160), better known as Fronto, was a Roman grammarian, master of rhetoric and lawyer. Of Berber origin, he was born in Cirta, Numidia, now Algeria. Most of the letters consist of correspondence with Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, in which the characters of the pupils appear in very favorable light, especially in the affection that both show for their former master. There are also letters to friends, mainly letters of recommendation, including one...
Topics: Marcus Fronto, emperor Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius, grammatica Latina, rhetorica, Aulus...
This is a simplified edition of THE STRATAGEMS and of THE AQUEDUCTS OF ROME, published by the Harvard Loeb Classical Library of Greek and Latin Authors. Both works were written by Sextus Julius Frontinus, a Roman military commander and engineer, proconsul of Britain, and a contemporary of Tacitus. Each paragraph of the text is folowed by its English translation by Charles E. Bennett. It is well known that every work published by the Loeb Classical Library comes with painfully long vernacular...
Topics: nomen, pronomen, verbum, paticipium, adverbium, praepositio, interiectio, coniunctio, pars...
La grammaire latine n'est pas a faire, elle est faite. On  veut dire avec cette assertion peremptoire que les regles concernant la morphologie, la syntaxe et le style de la langue latine sont pour toujours suffisamment etablis d'apres l' heritage des auteurs classiques et la pratique des  grands ecrivans posterieurs jusqua nos jours. Les utilisateurs du latin d'aujourd'hui n'ont donc qu'apprendre sa morphologie et appliquer ses regles syntactiques les plus generales de concordance sans aucun...
Topics: Latin, grammaire latine, syntaxe de la langue latine, sintaxe da lingua latina, Latin syntax
Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis, natus die 13 Novembris 354, mortuus die 28 Augusti 430, etiam Sanctus vel Beatus Augustinus appellatus, fuit episcopus, philosophus Latinus et theologus ex Africa Romana, nunc Doctor Ecclesiae a multis habitus. Primo rhetor fuit Tagastae municipio Africae, tum Karthagine, Romae, Mediolani. Ibi sermonibus Ambrosii episcopi Mediolanensis commotus anno 387 baptizatus est; ab anno 395 usque ad mortem anno 430 fuit episcopus Hipponensis, loco hodiernae Annaba urbis...
Topics: Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis, rhetorica, epistolae, sermones, solliloquiorum libri,...
Pontos de Gramatica Historica Portuguesa. Recensao critica de Joaquim Matoso Camara Jr. publicada na revista   A Cigarra: Ismael Lima Coutinho he uma das nossas figuras mais respeitaveis nos estudos da filologia portuguesa. Para eles traz, alem de um grande conhecimento especifico, os seus predicados de latinista e helenista e um amplo domínio bibliografico, facilitado pela sua capacidade de leitura fluente em alemao, o que lhe da acesso direto a rica literatura de linguistica e filologia...
Topics: lingua portuguesa, gramatica historica, filologia portuguesa, historia da lingua portuguesa, do...
Taciti Historiarum Libri V cum interpretationibus in lingua latina moderna. Tacitus wrote:   "I will begin my work at the second consulate of Servius Galba, who had for colleague T. Vinius. The eight hundred and twenty years which have passed since the foundation of Rome until this time have not lacked historians; and, as long as the story was of the Roman people, it was written with as much eloquence as freedom. But after the Battle of Actium, when the power of one became a condition of...
Topics: Tacitus, historiarum libri, de situ mores et populis Germaniae, dialogus oratorum, annalium libri,...
Lingua Lusitana resultat a historicis vicissitudinibus decursis a Romana dominatione usque ad exidium regnorum Muslamicorum in Peninsula Hiberica, Anno MCDXCII Aetatis Christianae. Regnum hoc Portugalliae easdem fere vicissitudines subivit quas Hispania; ob vicinitatem suam possessa fuit antiquitus a Foeniciis, Carthaginensibus; tandem a Romanis subactum et in provinciam Romanam redactum est; tempore Romanorum Lusitania appellabatur Portugallia et fuit pars Hispaniae Romanae; hinc   et hodie...
Topics: Jeronymo Soares Barboza, grammatica philosophica da lingua portugueza, lingua neolatina, portugues,...
It is important to know that Chinese characters, Kanji,  are a fundamental part of the Japanese language. To learn how to write and read them present no difficulty and can be considered an important graphical art. Japanese writing is syllabic as in Sanskrit. The fifty syllables are usually presented in a table called gojuon. The basic Japanese grammar is apparently simple. Complicating factors such as gender articles and distinctions between plural and singular are missing almost completely....
Topics: Japanese language, Nihon, nihongo, katakana, hiragana, kanji, jiten, kanji-jiten, Dunn and Yanada,...
Lucius Annaeus Seneca also known as Seneca the Younger, was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, and dramatist. This version of his letters to Lucilius by J. Baillard is just another among the many excellent French translations of Seneca. The French text is presented here in a format that permits translation with an on-line translator. Students of modern Latin cannot fail to try their own literal word for word translation directly from the original Latin text. The whole written production of...
Topics: vindica tibi tempus, minus ex crastino pendeas, dum differtur vita transcurrit, collige et serva...
Le rapide progrès des sciences et des techniques est souvent dû à des individus comme Mercator, personnage de la Renaissance. Par sa formation, il s'oriente naturellement vers la cartographie et, par goût, vers les mathématiques. Il a su allier les deux en créant un système de projection destiné à la représentation de la surface terrestre sur une carte plane. De son véritable nom Gerhard Kremer, ce mathématicien et géographe flamand est initié dès l'âge de dix-huit ans à la...
Topics: Geographia generalis, descriptio geographica mundi, mercator, atlas minor
This is a simplified edition of the three volumes of letters of Cicero to Atticus with an English translation by Winstedt, for the Harvard Loeb classical library of Greek and Latin authors. Just the Latin text and its corresponding translation is presented. It is well known that every work published by the Loeb classical library comes with painfully long vernacular introductions, full indices of names, long bibliographies, and learned notes by the editors. All this has been carefully suppressed...
Topics: Cicero, Marcus Tullius, Loeb classical library, litterae ad Atticum, letters of Cicero to his...
Kirsch, Adam Friedrich (?-1716): Abundantissimum cornu copiae linguae latinae et germanicae selectum: quo continentur vocabula latina omnis aevi, antiqui, medii ac novi, pariter ac graeca latinitate donata, nec non formulae dicendi elegantiores et constructiones verborum; praeterea deorum, dearum, gentium, regnorum, regionum, urbium, marium, fluviorum, insularum, montium, animalium, arborum, herbarum, florum et mineralium nomina; nec non theologorum, iure consultorum, medicorum, philosophorum,...
Topics: Vocabula Latina omnis aevi, antiqui, medii ac novi, graeca latinitate donata, formulae dicendi...
Esmeraldo de Situ Orbis - a work of cosmography and navigation, commissioned from the Portuguese nauta and cosmographer, Duarte Pacheco Pereira, by the Portuguese monarch, el-rei D. Manuel I (1495-1521). It was composed directly in Portuguese, and not Latin, the general language of Europe, at that time. This  for security reasons, as it brings latitudes, longitudes and brief instructions on the sea and descriptions of overseas territories recently discovered by the Portuguese. Contains:...
Topics: Portuguese and Brazilian Documental History, Portuguese overseas discoveries, Esmeraldo de situ...
Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus  Novum ( ut vocant) Testamentum universum ad Graece originis fidem recognovit, adhibitis in consilium compluribus utriusque linguis codicibus , nec iis sane quibuslibet, sed vetustissimis et emendatissimis, praecipue, Origenis, Chrysostomi, Cyrilli, Vulgarii, Hieronymi, Cypriani, Ambrosii, Hilarii, Augustini. Adjecit quoque  auctor annotationes, quae primum lectorem doceant, quid qua  ratione fuerit immutatum: deinde si quid alioqui perplexum, ambiquum, aut...
Topics: Novum testamentum graece et latine, Erasmi novum instrumentum, Erasmi opera omnia tomus sextus
JUAN LUIS VIVES. A Humanist Attack on Medieval Logic. The Attack on the Pseudodialecticians and On Dialectics, Book III, v, vi, vii from The Causes of the Corruption of the Arts, with an Appendix of Related Passages by Thomas More to Erasmus. The texts, with translations, introductions, and notes by RITA GUERLAC. Our aim, reproducing these texts, is not to study philosophy, but simply to study Latin with philosophers. The Latin we desire, known as New Latin, was written in the last 600 years by...
Topics: European humanists of Spain, juan Luis Vives, Johannes Ludovicus Vives, Erasmus, Thomas Morus,...
Almagestum Cl. Ptolemei Pheludiensis Alexandrini Astronomorum Principis. Opus ingens ac nobile omnes caelorum motus continens. Felicibus astris eat in lucem. Ptolemaeus, Claudius. Venetiae: Liechtenstein, 1515. Contingimus portum: quomodo cursus erat. Hic teneat nostras: ancora iacta rates. Laus Deo Maximo Optimusque. Petrus Lichtenstein. The Project Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus (PAL) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, is dedicated to the edition and study of the Arabic and...
Topics: astronomia, Claudius Ptolomeus, Almagestum, Gerardo de Cremona
This is an important Renaissance text for the use of students aiming at writing modern living  Latin. Like in many other documents of this age or earlier, the student will find undecipherable citations in Greek, old names of locations, medieval orthography, and many tracts of bad printing. It is a very low price indeed to pay for the privilege of direct contact with great minds of our Western past,  that thought in Latin. This is a clean edition of the Latin text,  optimized for fast...
Topics: Elizabethan Great Britain landscape, Britannia, Gulielmo Camdeno authore, Roman Britain, Britanniae...
Vita Augustini Hipponiensis Episcopi, resque ab eo gestae temporum ordine servato narrantur. Auctore Possidio Calamensi; Sancti Aurelii Augustini De Sermone Domini Monte Libri II; Evangelium Secundum Mattheum. Aurelius Augustinus, Affer, linguae Latinae magister, Episcopus Hipponae, urbis circa Cartagum, Tunisia, inter magnos Romanos scriptores saeculo V eminet, propter simplicitatem modo scribendi, didacticam et vastitatem operum in quibus omnia studentes linguae Latinae modernae inveniri...
Topics: Augustinus Hipponiensis, Sermo Domini Monte, Mattheum, Vulgata Nova
Conjuratio Catilinae cum translatione Lusitana parallela.C. SALLUSTIUS CRISPUS Amiterni in Sabinis anno 668 ab urbe condita patre plebejo natus est De juventute ejus, institutione ac rebus domesticis admodum pauca cognovimus, ideoque maxime est dolendum , librum de vita ejus ab Asconio Pediano conscriptum ad nostram aetatem non pervenisse; quo deperdito ex ipsius scriptis atque ex raris veterum testimoniis colligenda sunt ea, quae quandam quasi imaginem vel potius adumbrationem vitae ejus...
Topics: Sallustius Crispus, Barreto Feio, de conjuratione Catilinae, a conjuracao de Catilina
This is a shortened version of John Ravizza Latin Grammar, without presentation, praises, appendices, index and blank pages, for a quicker access by Latinists interested in acquiring immediately basic Latin morphology for start writing Neo-latin with the same syntaxe of modern languages. This means that the classical syntaxe, fully described in this grammar, need not be followed when writing present day Neo-Latin on anything. Just follow the order of words we are used to find in modern...
Topics: Neo-latin grammar, morphology and syntaxe of Latin, Hamiltonian system
Translationes ex Graeca lingua in Latina sunt inesgotabiles fontes bonae latinitatis quae latinistae moderni vel novilatini immitare possunt maxima ope. Opus hoc est nitidissima reproductio electronica Belli Peloponnesiaci, auctore Thucydidi. Dux militaris Atheniensis, eximius scriptor, conscripsit hoc valde memorabile fatidicumque bellum, quod Peloponnesi et Athenienses inter se gesserunt, aetate qua maxime florebant, tum in explendore civilizationis tum in potentia bellica. Coniecturavi...
Topics: Thucydides, historia belli peloponnesiaci
This Manual lays the foundation and provides the essential elements for organizing and conducting physical training in the troop. All officers and sergeants should know it in detail. PURPOSE OF TRAINING. Military physical training ultimately aims at the physical preparation of the soldier to win the war. Thus acting, it cooperates, too, in the development of certain technical abilities, in the establishment of the emotional equilibrium and in the plight of its moral qualities. Every military...
Topics: treinamento físico do soldado, soldier physical training, troop, officers, sergeants, win the war,...
Mercator sapiens - Oratio de conjungentis mercaturae et philosophia. Le marchand sage - Discours sur combiner le commerce avec les  etudes philosophiques. The wise merchant- Oration on combining commerce and philosophy. O mercador sabio- Discurso sobre combinar comercio com estudos filosoficos por Gaspar Barleus.
Topics: mercatura, philosofia, conjungere, oratio, mercator, sapiens, inauguratio, scholae, illustris,...
Economics is a Social Science. According to Alfred Marshall, "Economics is the study of mankind in the ordinary affairs of life, that is, economics is the study of man directing his daily life." The popularity of Marshall's definition may perhaps be explained by its high degree of generality, that embraces the more particular aspects of other definitions. Although the different definitions of Economics can create great controversies, all agree with relative ease with respect to the...
Topics: microeconomia, teoria do mercado, teoria do consumidor, economia de empresas
From a technical perspective Economics is the study of the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy human wants. Economics, therefore, is the study of how various alternatives or choices are evaluated to best achieve a given objective. The domain of economics is the study of processes by which scarce resources are allocated to satisfy unlimited wants. Ideally, the resources are allocated to their highest valued uses. Supply, demand, preferences, costs, benefits, production relationships and...
Topics: microeconomics, supply, demand, preferences, costs, benefits, production relationships, exchange,...
Epistulae Obscurorum Virorum. The Obscure Men's Letters.This pamphlet was published anonymously, between 1515 and 1517, to defend the humanist John Reuchlin, accused by the Inquisition of Cologne of defending Jews. Its author, the German knight Ulrich von Hutten, a friend of Erasmus and a feared satirist, imagined insidiously that the obscure men (monks, theologians and other sacristy rats) would have sent these grotesque letters to the theologians of Cologne to incriminate Reuchlin. Their...
Topics: Johann Reuchlin, Erasmus, the reformers, Luther, Poggio Bracciolini, Facetiae, Epistulae Obscurorum...
This is a large complement to Leverett’s A New and Copious Lexicon of the Latin Language, published in 1927. Like many ancient and recent dictionaries of this kind it is only partially useful for modern Latinists, as it lists many vernacular words no longer in use, and as a rule translates the vernacular term by a classical equivalent or by a circumlocution, exclusively made up of classical terms. As the Modern English vocabulary is about sixty per cent composed by words of a Latin origin, we...
Topics: langue latine internationale, international Latin, latim internacional, Modern Latin, novolatim,...
An exceptionally clear and didactic presentation of microeconomics that perfectly meets university level programs of this discipline. Uma apresentacao excepcionalmente clara e didatica da microeconomia que satisfaz perfeitamente os programas desta disciplina em nivel universitario. Una presentacion excepcionalmente clara y didactica de la microeconomía que satisfaz perfectamente los programas de nivel universitario de esta disciplina. Una presentacio excepcionalment clara i didactica de...
Topics: Microeconomia, macroeconomia, teoria econômica, consumidor, empresa, mercados, modelos...
Indice Alfabetico Completo Do Diccionario Bibliographico Portuguez De Inocencio Francisco Da Silva (1810-1876) Por Jose Soares De Souza Do Departamento De Cultura Da Biblioteca Municipal De Sao Paulo. Historico da obra:  Iniciado o Diccionario Bibliographico Portuguez, amigos, apreciadores e o proprio Rei D. Pedro V empenharam-se em publica-lo com auxílio do governo, conseguindo que a obra saísse impressa, a partir de 1858, pela Imprensa Nacional de Portugal ate o volume 7 (1862), com mais...
Topics: Dicionario bibliografico portugues, Innocencio Francisco da Silva, Rubens Borba de Moraes, Ernesto...
A very important document for the construction of the economic vocabulary of modern Latin, that is to say, of contemporary Neo-latin economic terminology. Compiled within the Canadian project Economic Neologisms in the Romanic languages through the Press. Um documento muito importante para a construcao dum lexico de economia em latim moderno, ou seja em novolatim contemporaneo. Compilado no seio do projeto canadense Neologismos Economicos nas linguas Romanicas atraves da Imprensa. Catalan...
Topics: neologisms in economics, termos neologicos em economia, neologismes economics, glossario de termos...
A very important document for the construction of the economic vocabulary of modern Latin, that is to say, of contemporary Neo-latin economic terminology. Compiled within the Canadian project Economic Neologisms in the Romanic languages through the Press. Um documento muito importante para a construcao dum lexico de economia em latim moderno, ou seja em novolatim contemporaneo. Compilado no seio do projeto canadense Neologismos Economicos nas linguas Romanicas atraves da Imprensa. Catalan...
Topics: neologisms in economics, termos neologicos em economia, neologismes economics, glossario de termos...
O latim da era moderna, escrito de 1300 a 1900, tambem conhecido como neolatim, novolatim, latim humanista, latim renascentista, ou lingua latina nova, compreende as obras redigidas em latim medieval, mas obedecendo-se novamente a ortografia e a gramatica do latim classico, substituindo-se o vocabulario coloquial barbaro por vocabulos cultos retirados dos antigos autores ou por cunhagem de neologismos. Desde Dante, Petrarca, Boccaccio, Poggio Bracciollini, Aeneas Sylvius, Erasmus, Osorius,...
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Topics: Wandick Londres da Nobrega, latim, novolatim, Neo-Latin, lingua latina nova, pedagogia do latim,...
Thucydides, immortale monumentum Humanitatis, fuit historicus, scriptor ac magistratus Atheniensis saeculi V a.C.n. De genere dicendi eius multae sunt sententiae per saecula prolatae. Hic sufficit dicere cum Marcellino: Forma autem et dicendi genus quo Thucydides utitur est magnificum. Elocutio est gravis, sententiae obscurae, multas res paucis verbis dixit. Plurimos habuit immitatores inter Latinos. In omnibus editionibus historiarum, vita Thucydidis a Marcellino scripta praeposita est, in hac...
Topics: Laurentius Valla, Henricus Stephanus, Aemilius Portus, Peloponnesian war, Thucydides, modern Latin,...
CHARACTERISTICS OF MODERN GREEK. The Neo-Hellenic or Modern Greek differs from classical Greek in pronunciation, spelling, grammar, as well as in the expanded vocabulary. From the grammatical point of view, modern Greek is quite easy and can be learned quickly. The vocabulary, theoretically, includes the whole lexicon of classical Greek and a large number of modern terms, of Greco-demotic origin, and also the loans of other European languages, especially English and French, but also from the...
Topics: Peloponnesian War, Θουκυδιδης Ιστοριαι, Guerra do Peloponeso, Tucidides,...
THUCYDIDES (460-400 BC). History of the Pelopponesian War by the Athenian Thucydides; Preface by Helio Jaguaribe; Translation from the Greek into Portuguese of Mario da Gama Kury. Tucidides foi o primeiro historiador moderno e o primeiro analista crItico de relacoes internacionais. Pretendia relatar, objetivamente, os fatos como haviam ocorrido e conseguiu faze-lo. De modo objetivo e muito concisamente, relata o inicio e o desenrolar da guerra, por quase 30 anos, expondo magistralmente suas...
Topics: Thucydides, Tucidides, pelloponesian war, θουκυδιδου ιστορια, historia de...
E. V. AFONASIN. Contents: Preliminary remarks. Chapter one: Nouns. Chapter two: Latin verb in the present tense. Chapter three: Features of Latin syntax. Chapter four:The elapsed time of the imperfect form. Chapter five: Future tense. Chapter six: Nouns iii, iv and v declensions. Chapter seven: The past tense of the perfect form. Chapter eight: Adjectives and verbal nouns. Chapter nine: Declension and degree of comparison of adjectives and adverbs. Chapter tenth: The subjunctive mood. Chapter...
Topics: Latin, Neo-latin, Roman philosophers, Latin grammar, latim, novolatim, filosofos romanos, Cicero,...
Francisco de Melo: one of the most important Portuguese mathematicians of the period before Pedro Nunes. Born around 1490, he became a Fellow of D. Manuel and completed his studies in Theology and Mathematics at the University of Paris, where he also taught. After returning to Portugal, he became Rector of the University of Lisbon and held high diplomatic and scientific consulting positions. He was appointed Bishop of Goa, but he did not hold office for having died of illness in the year 1536....
Topics: Francisco de Melo, Portuguese mathematicians, scientific Latin, latim matematico, latim medieval,...
A theoretical-practical grammar of the Latin and Castillian languages compared; contains pronunciation, morphology, syntax, and numerous mneumonic resources; it closes with a compendium on Latin metric art. Uma gramatica teorico-pratica das linguas latina e castelhana comparadas; contem pronuncia, morfologia, sintaxe, e numerosos recursos mneumonicos; encerra-se com um compendio sobre arte metrica latina. Une grammaire theorique-pratique des langues latine et castillane comparees; contient la...
Topics: Latin language, Neo-latin, Latin pronunciation, Latin morphology, Latin syntax, la pronunciation du...
This book contains several works, including a full Latin translation of Il Principe by Niccolo Machiavelli and two more shorter works of him on the subject of political power, as well as two texts by other authors, which deal with the polemic that The Prince generated in his time: Nicolai Machiavelli Princeps, Ad Magnificum Laurentium Petri F. Medicem, in XXVI chapters; following: Vita Castruccii Castracani Lucensis. Descripta a Nicolao Machiavello ad summos amicos suos Zanobium Buondelmontium...
Topics: Il Principe, Niccolo Machiavelli, de Nobilitate Christiana, Hieronymus Osorius Lusitanus, Vita...
Notice.This is a reproduction of the last edition of Newton s Naturalis Philosophiae Principia Mathematica, as reprinted in 1871 by University of Glasgow Professors, who finding that all the Editions of the PRINCIPIA were out of print, they .have been induced to reprint the last edition of the Principia, without notes or comments, only introducing the corrigenda of the old copy and correcting typographical errors. Aviso. Esta he uma reproducao pela UFRGS da terceira edicao da obra Philosophiae...
Topics: Modern Latim, Novolatim, Latim Moderno, Neo-Latin, Isaac Newton, Principia Mathematica, Principios...
The Societas Jesu was founded in 1540, by a Basque nobleman the soldier-turned-mystic, St. Ignatius of Loyola along with the First Companions. From the beginning, the Jesuit priests and brothers were ( and still are) involved in educational, pastoral and spiritual ministries around the world. In the development of modern education the Jesuit Study Plan, drawn by the Founders, plays a role whose importance we cannot ignore or underestimate. On the Ratio Studiorum were based the organization and...
Topics: The Jesuits, the Ratio studiorum, Societas Jesu, Ignatius Loyola, modern latin, correspondencia dos...
The Public School Latin Primer, published in England twice, is a concise manual of facts and a code of rules of the Latin language, to be memorially learnt, with suitable practice. It brings a very detailed glossarium grammaticum, usually lacking in elementary books. This Latin Primer can be a powerful auxiliary tool for autodidactic students working independently on modern Latin. Reprinted by UNESP, Universidade Estadual Paulista.The Public School Latin Primer, manual conciso de fatos e codigo...
Topics: Latin primer, Latin grammar Zumpft, Grammaire latine Mullach, ego reges ejeci libertatem peperi,...
One of the most famous works in Portuguese Medieval History and, certainly, the most well-known outside Portugal, the De Expugnatione Lyxbonensi, or Expugnatione Olisiponis, purports to furnish a contemporary eye-witness account of Portuguese King Afonso Henriques’s 1147 conquest of Lisbon accomplished in combination with a passing fleet of Anglo-Norman, German and Flemish crusaders on their way by sea to Palestine and the Second Crusade. O cerco ou expugnacao de Lisboa, descrito por um...
Topics: expugnatione Lyxbonensi, expugnatione Olisiponis, Portuguese medieval Latin documents, Latin...
A simple introduction to philosophy, short and easy to read, written by a great philosopher, mathematician and British logician. Philosophy, wrote Bertrand Russell, cannot by itself determine the ends of life, but it can free us from the tyranny of prejudice and distortions due to a narrow opinion. The love, the beauty, the knowledge and the joy of life are things that conserve their brightness, however broad our vision. If philosophical cogitations can help us to feel the value of these...
Topics: Philosophy, western philosophy, B ertrand Russel, principia mathematica, pacifism, socialism,...
The Neo-Latinist who seeks to read and write modern Latin should read and memorize books of the Vulgate, as well as to study the Latin language in the recent documents of the Second Vatican Council and in the numerous papal encyclical letters, with social character, published in the last two centuries. The Nova Vulgata is the present official Latin version of the Bible for the Catholic Church. It has its origins in the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Its textual basis is the critical edition...
Topics: modern latin, church latin, das latein der kirche, le latin ecclesiastique, latinitas christiana...
O livro de Samuel Butler e uma tentativa de ensinar, atraves de exemplos dos classicos e exercicios, em 275 paginas, a origem, a significacao e a sintaxe de cada preposicao latina. O livro e acompanhado de uma chave para os exercicios impressa separadamente.  Preposicoes sao palavras, particulas ou fragmentos de palavras invariaveis, prefixadas a substantivos ou pronomes latinos, postos no caso ablativo ou acusativo, para denotar um complemento circunstancial, ou seja, uma relacao de...
Topics: Gramatica latina, preposicoes latinas, sintaxe de preposicoes latinas, formacao de palavras em...
Samuel Butlers book is an attempt to teach, through examples from the classics and exercises, within 275 pages, the origin, signification and the syntaxis of each Latin preposition. The book is supplied with a key, separatedly print. Prepositions are invariable words, particles or fragments of words, prefixed to nouns or pronouns, in the ablative or accusative case, to denote a circunstancial complement, that is, a relation of locality, cause, possession or effect. - If the preposition...
Topics: Latin grammar, Latin prepositions, sintaxis of Latin prepositions, word formation in Latin, New...
Quote: One reason so many persons entering the field of science become convinced that the subject matter is extremely difficult and far beyond their ability is that there is a scientific vocabulary which must be mastered. To these individuals, words which are long, hard to pronounce and little used in everyday life activities are mysteries never meant for the prying eyes of ordinary mortals. However, if these unhappy persons would only devote a small fraction of their time and energies to...
Topics: Botanical terms, scientific vocabulary, botanical Latin, terminologia greco-latina dos botanicos
IJSBRAND VAN DIEMERBROECK (1609-1674) was Professor of Anatomy and Medicine at Utrecht and is remembered not only for his studies on the plague but more especially for his work on anatomy. His complete works were published in two volumes. Hoc libro continentur: Anatomes Corporis Humani. Libri Decem. Tratactus de Peste. Libri Quattuor. Tractatus de Variolis et Morbillis Observationes et Curationes Medicae. Disputationes Practicae, ad Historias Aegrorum Propositae de Morbis Capitis, Thoracis, et...
Topics: The Latin of Medicine, opera anatomica et medica, anatomes corporis humani, tratactus de peste,...
This manual, approved by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus, is meant for foreign students as a course of Latin and Fundamentals of Medical Terminology at Medical Faculties, Faculties of Pediatrics and Faculties of Medical Psychology and Pharmacy in Medical Institutions of Higher Education with English as the language of instruction. Medical terminology consists of thousands of new words and terms that medical students have a difficult time learning and understanding. This...
Topics: Latin for medical students, medical terminology, scientific Latin, living Latin, modern Latin
Latin and Fundamentals of Medical Terminology by Titiyevska, Gordiyenko, Kulichenko and Martianova, Ukraine 2016: A handbook for the І st year English-Speaking Students of the Medical Faculties (Latynska mova ta osnovy medychnoyi terminolohiyi : navchalnyy posibnyk dlya studentiv inozemnykh hromadyan kursu medychnykh fakultetiv). This course is made up for І st year English-speaking students of the medical faculties who want to master medical Latin. Each structural unit contains a detailed...
Topics: Modern Latin, scientific Latin, Latin grammar for medical students, clinical anatomical...
Ediciones Cardenoso published in March 2008 a Complete English-Galician Dictionary, Galician-English, with more than 55,000 entries in each of the two languages, with 1,120 pages in a volume of approximately 21x29cm. The author is the English professor Servando Perez Barreiro. Three new reeditions were made from this work. In February 2009, it was expanded with the collaboration of other authors, such as Pablo Perez Mendez, Marcos Perez Mendez, Teresa Perez Mendez and Raul Perez Mendez, making...
Topics: Galician Language, Galician-Portuguese, Galician English Dictionary
A complete and advanced course of mathematical methods applied to Economics and Business. Um curso completo e avancado de matematica para economistas, com aplicacoes a Economia e a Administracao de Empresas. Un cours complet et avance de methodes mathematiques appliquees a l economie et aux affaires. Un curs complet si avansat de metode matematice aplicat in economie și in afaceri.
Topics: mathematical methods for economists, matematica para economistas
A complete detailed grammar of the Latin language in Dutch. Uma gramatica completa e detalhada da lingua latina em holandes. Une grammaire complete et detaillee de la langue latine en neerlandais. Una grammatica completa e dettagliata della lingua latina in olandese. O gramatica completa si detaliata a limbii latine in limba olandeza.
Topics: Latin, Latin grammar, J. Woltjer, gramatica Latina, grammatica latina, grammaire latine complete
A standard complete school grammar of Brazilian Portuguese by an eminent philologist, published by the Ministry of Education. Uma gramatica padrao da lingua portuguesa para uso escolar, revisada e atualizada, publicada pelo Ministerio da Educacao e Cultura.
Topics: Portuguese, gramatica da lingua portuguesa, Celso Cunha
Angelos Vlachos, a prominent and multifaceted Greek personality of the 19th century, was born in Athens in 1838. He was a Doctor in Law, scholar, critic, poet, theatrical writer, lexicographer, and civil servant, a diplomat, a politician and director of the Royal Theater. After studying Law and concluding his doctorate in Germany (1861-1863), he became Secretary of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (1863), Deputy Mayor of the Ministry of Education (1865-1868), Chief of Staff of the Ministry of...
Topics: Modern Greek, Studies in Modern Greek Language, Angelos Vlachos, Neugriechische Sprache, le Grec...
Dicionario Inverso da Lingua Portuguesa. Reverse dictionaries are recent instruments of philological research useful for the recovery of the vocabulary of modern Latin or Neolatin, an auxiliary international language, usable in any academic area. This inverse dictionary of the Portuguese language, compiled by Russian authors, contains a list of 40,000 words, 90 percent of them with a Latin origin, arranged in alphabetical order, according to the graphic ending of the words. Considering that the...
Topics: dicionario inverso da lingua portuguesa, reverse dictionary, obratnyj slovar portugalskogo jazyka
A Brazilian mathematical contribution to programming techniques for economic development. Economic development should not be seen as an expontaneous phaenomenon. To attain it underdeveloped societies must first be made fully aware and convinced of its absolute necessity for escaping dire indigence and attaining economic dignity.That task makes it urgent to theorize about this complex field. The thesis is expounded in two parts. In the first, the author constructs a Keynesian model with a...
Topics: Antonio Delfim Netto, pensamento economico brasileiro, desenvolvimento economico, H. Singer, the...
This report on Programming Techniques for Economic Development, the first of a series, was prepared for the UN by an international group of experts composed by the following scholars: Gamani Correa, Ceylon; Benjamin Higgins, United States; Shinichi Ichimura, Japan; Dwarkanath Ghosh (Vice-Chairman), India; Jan Tinbergen (Chairman), Holland. The aim of this ECAFE’s group was to provide expert technical assistance for the governments of the countries of Asia and the Far East in preparing their...
Topics: Programming techniques, economic development, economic planning in Asia and the Far East
This is a large and excellent dictionary for anyone interested in Portuguese, Spanish and Galician. Spanish, also known as Castilian, due to its origins in the Castile region of Spain, is one of the official languages of Spain. It is also spoken across Central and South America and in the USA, due to migration from Caribbean and Central American countries. In Africa, Spanish is spoken in Equatorial Guinea and Western Sahara. In Asia, there are still remnants of the language in the Philippines....
Topics: Spanish, Portuguese, Neo-Latin languages, portugues, espanhol e galego
De Recta Latini Graecique Sermonis Pronunciatione Dialogus or Dialogue on the Right Pronunciation of Latin and Greek Languages, is work of a great Dutch philologist of the Renaissance. In this book, published in 1528, Erasmus suggests new pronunciations for the two classical languages, instead of the traditional Byzantine pronunciation. Our objective, as in other publications of this kind on Archive, is just to lay down before the learner of modern Latin texts, that can be handled with facility...
Topics: Erasmus, the pronunciation of Greek and Latin, modern Latin, medieval Latin
The text of Jan Amos Comenius, Opera Didactica Omnia, is published here just as a corpus terminorum for students of the living modern Latin of the seventeenth century. Its source is the OCR version of the original, scanned, partially edited and published by Reinhard Gruhl, to accompany the images of the original, page by page, inside the Camena Project of Early Modern Latin texts. The texts of Comenius are difficult to edit due to his practice of writing substantives referring to philosophical...
Topics: Jan Amos Comenius, Didactica Magna Universale, Neo-Latin of the Sixteenth Century Europe, Didactic...
The objective of this work is to provide the students of modern Latin with a clean orthographically uniform text of the main philosophical works of Descartes and Spinoza, eminent thinkers of the XVII Century. In very simple Latin styles, these writers discuss grave philosophical issues. This Modern Latin text containing 160,000 words is published in the modern Latin orthography, which is that employed in recent papal encyclical letters and in the documents of the Concilium Vaticanum II. They...
Topics: Latin for philosophers and modern latinists, Renatus Des Cartes, Franciscus Baco, Benedictus De...
DESCARTES Dissertation on the method of thinking in the investigation of the truths of science or Le Discours de la methode in Latin translation, together with two other works by Descartes Dioptrice and Meteora, translated from French. Dissertation sur la methode de penser dans l investigation des verites de la science ou Le Discours de la methode en traduction latine, avec deux autres ouvrages de Descartes Dioptrice et Meteora, traduit du français. Disertacion sobre o metodo de pensar na...
Topics: Neo-Latin, Renatus Des Cartes, methodus recte utendi ratione, specimina philosophiae, Rene...
Hajime Hoshi meditating about Japan, in a Library of Columbia University, came to a weird conclusion. Quote: I began to have an idea that Japan was a country created by mother while other countries were called into being by father, the more I thought of it the more I was convinced that this idea of mine was no fancy, but had good reason at its back. I felt as if I had made a discovery. End of quote. Citation: J'ai commence a avoir l idee que le Japon etait un pays cree par mere, tandis que les...
Topics: History of Japan, Hajime Hoshi, Historia sucinta do Japao
A list of sixty thousand Japanese words in kanji, with their transcriptions in Romaji, ordered by the numbers of the 213 hieroglyphic roots. This is the complement of the Japanese Russian Dictionary of B.P. Lavrentief and Others. Russkij Jazyk . Moskva, 1984, which contains 70000 words, in 695 pages. Une liste de soixante mille mots japonais en kanji, avec leur transcription en Romaji, ordonnee par les nombres des 213 racines hieroglyphiques. C est le complement par Nikolskij du dictionnaire...
Topics: Written Japanese, Kanji jiten, kanji roots, Japanese hieroglyphs, Japanese words in Romaji,...
THE JAPAN TIMES SIX LANGUAGE DICTIONARY. Ten Thousand modern Japanese words with translations into English, French, Deutsch, Russian and Chinese, compiled by the JapanTimes newspaper. Riyu de liu zhong yuyan zidian. Yi wan ge xiandai riyu danci, fanyi cheng yingwen, fawen, dewen, ewen he zhongwen, Riben Shibao Chuban. Dix mille mots du japonais moderne avec des traductions en anglais, francais, allemand, russe et chinois, compiles par le journal JapanTimes. Zehntausend moderne japanische...
Topics: Japanese modern language, newspaper Japanese, langue japonaise contemporaine, le japonais dans les...
A History of Western Philosophy by Bertrand Russell is a coherent and complete picture of Western philosophy, from antiquity to the present day, which the non-specialist will find easy to understand. Bertrand Arthur William Russell (1872–1970) was philosopher, logician, essayist and social critic best known for his work in mathematical logic and analytic philosophy. His most influential contributions include his championing of the view that mathematics is in some important sense reducible to...
Topics: Ancient Philosophy, the rise of Greek civilization, the Presocratics, the Milesian school, Thales,...
Three hundred years ago, Henri Etienne, a celebrated French printer, gathered in a collection the discourses which the Latin historians Titus Livius, Sallustius, and Tacitus sowed in great numbers in their accounts. To this collection M. J. Girard has joined Quinte Curse, with the speeches pronounced by Alexander the Great. Besides being an excellent corpus of Latin for the student of modern Latin, this collection gives us the substance of history, makes us penetrate its causes, and introduces...
Topics: Speeches in Roman historians, Titus Livius, Sallustius, Tacitus, Quintus Cursius, la rethorique...
Modern Microeconomics by A. Koutsoyiannis is an extensive survey of contemporary microeconomics for undergraduates and post-graduate college students. Advanced students willing to extend their knowledge beyond the planned limits of this book should delve into the careful bibliography supplied for each chapter. This bibliography represents a substantial sample of the intensive theoretical efforts that took place in the twentieth century for widening the scope and applicability of the...
Topics: Economics, economic theory, microeconomics, economic models, classification of markets, the concept...
This is the reasoned catalogue, RETRACTATIONUM, LIBRI DUO, written in the year 426, in Africa, by Augustinus Hipponensis, including 93 books chosen from his set of 230 works. At the age of seventy-two years, four years before his death, caused by the Vandal invasions, Augustine at last decides to re-read his works, going chronologically over them one last time, with a judiciary severity. This long exercise of auto-censorship is described by himself in the short prologus and in the conclusion of...
Topics: Christian Latin, Aurelius Augustinus, Retractationum libri duo, Santo Agostinho obras
Biography and Catalogue of Works of Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466-1536) in Latin. Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch humanist, the greatest Latin scholar of the northern Renaissance, important figure in patristics and classical literature, helped to lay the groundwork for the historical­critical study of the past, especially by his studies of the Greek New Testament and the Church Fathers. His educational writings contributed to the replacement of the older scholastic curriculum by the new humanist...
Topics: Neo-Latin, Erasmus of Rotterdam, Opus epistolarum Erasmi, biography of Erasmus, Letter to John...
Ioanne Sylvestro Pannonio Autore Grammatica Hungarolatina. Neanesi, anno 1539, die 14 Iunii. A nice short grammar of classical Latin for Hungarians written in Latin by John Sylvester. The present volume has been sponsored by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences: Ioannes Sylvester Grammatica Hungarolatina; Edidit, introduxit et commentariis instruxit Stephanus Bartok; Institutum Litterarum Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. Sectio Litterarum Renascentium Bibliotheca Scriptorum Medii Recentisque...
Topics: Grammar of classical Latin, Grammatica Hungarolatina, definitio et partes grammaticae,...
This is the Latin text of Petronii Arbitri Satyricon. A fully illustrated and complete English translation by W. C. Firebaugh, can be read at the Project Gutenberg EBook The Satyricon, Complete, by Petronius Arbiter. Cf. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/5225/5225-h/5225-h.htm   This book has been translated in Portuguese by the Brazilian Humanist Aroldo de Azevedo.A similar work is Lucii Annaei Senecae Apocolocyntosis Divi Claudii. El Satiricon de Petronio, obra de ficcion, es una novela...
Topics: Latin vulgar, Banquete de Trimalcion, Petronio Arbitro, Petronii Arbitri Satyricon
Dictionarium Lusitanico-Latinum iuxta seriem alphabeticam optimis probatisque doctissimorum auctorum testimoniis perutili quadam expositione locupletam, cum copiosissimo Latini sermonis indice, necnon libello uno aliquarum regionum, civitatum, oppidorum, fluviorum, montium, et locorum, quibus veteres uti solebant, omnia in studiose iuventutis gratiam, et usum collecta per Augustinum Barbosam Lusitanum, deprompto ex Portugaliae Bibliotheca Nacionali Digitali. Agostinho Barbosa, Augustinus...
Topics: Portuguese-Latin Dictionary, Dicionario Lusitanico-Latino, Collectanea doctorum, Latinitas...
Professor Warren L. Smith provides, in this wonderfully didactic book, a comprehensive coverage of modern macroeconomics for college students. He supplies a coherent explanation of the overall behavior of contemporary economies, using linear models both static and dynamic and just simple algebra as explanatory devices. The author restates the well-known fact that the contents of macroeconomics can be understood and well learned without the usual heavy employment of differential calculus. The...
Topics: Macroeconomics, economic models, static and dynamic models, linear economic models, Keynesian...
The Iliad of Homer in Latin. Translating Greek works in Latin occupied Roman writers for centuries before Christ and after.This activity continued unabated during the middle ages and intensified from the Renascence until the nineteenth century. Translations of Greek works in Latin, therefore, are extremely important tools for learning how to write in modern Latin, as the translators usually just followed verbatim the Greek original, thus producing Latin texts that syntactically differ very much...
Topics: Homer Iliad in Latin, la Iliada em latin, Ilias Homeri Latine, Carolus Raeticus, Graece et Latine...
The Odyssea of Homer in Latin. Translating Greek works in Latin occupied Roman writers for centuries before Christ and after.This activity continued unabated during the middle ages and intensified from the Renascence until the nineteenth century. Translations of Greek works in Latin, therefore, are extremely important tools for learning how to write in modern Latin, as the translators usually just followed verbatim the Greek original, thus producing Latin texts that syntactically differ very...
Topics: Homer, Odyssee, la Odisea en latin, Carmina Homeri Latine, Carolus Raeticus, Graece et Latine...
Une grammaire d arabe classique composee d apres les sources primitives. A grammar of classical Arabic composed from primitive sources. Eine Grammatik des klassischen Arabisch aus primitiven Quellen. Una gramatica de arabe clasico compuesta de fuentes primitivas. Grammatika klassicheskogo arabskogo yazyka, sostavlennaya iz primitivnykh istochnikov. Principaux auteurs consultes. Silvestre de Sacy, Erpennius, Glaire, Bresnier, Freytag, Ewald, Fleischer, Caspari, Wright, Derembourg. Auteurs...
Topics: Arabic language, grammar of classical Arabic, grammaire arabe, gramatica de arabe classico,...
Une grammaire d arabe classique composee d apres les sources primitives. A grammar of classical Arabic composed from primitive sources. Eine Grammatik des klassischen Arabisch aus primitiven Quellen. Una gramatica de arabe clasico compuesta de fuentes primitivas. Grammatika klassicheskogo arabskogo yazyka, sostavlennaya iz primitivnykh istochnikov. Principaux auteurs consultes. Silvestre de Sacy, Erpennius, Glaire, Bresnier, Freytag, Ewald, Fleischer, Caspari, Wright, Derembourg. Auteurs...
Topics: Arabic language, grammar of classical Arabic, grammaire arabe, gramatica de arabe classico,...
An academic Arabic-English dictionary, compiled in Egypt, suitable for college students of modern standard Arabic. Egyptian Arabic is the most important type among the many varieties of modern standard Arabic, thanks to the number of speakers and its literary, scientific and cultural production. Ein akademisches Arabisch-Englisch-Woerterbuch, in Aegypten zusammengestellt, und fuer Studenten des modernen standard-Arabisch in Universitaeten geeignet. Un dictionnaire academique arabe-anglais,...
Topics: Arabic language, Egyptian Arabic, modern standard Arabic of Egypt, lingua arabe padrao, idioma...
The complete works of Marcus Tullius Cicero in one volume. As obras completas de Cicero em um volume. Les œuvres completes de Marcus Tullius Ciceron en un volume. Marcus Tullius Ciceros vollstaendiges Werk in einem Band.
Topics: Ciceronis opera, oeuvres de Ciceron, Ciceros Werk, as obras de Cicero
Introduction. Part one. General concepts. Part two. The role of economic policy in the acceleration of growth. Part three. Execution of rational action. Part four. The world economic conditions of growth. Annex. Planning models of economic policy used in preparing economic actions. The advantages and limitations of using economic mathematical models. The character of Bognar s model. First approximation to determine the achievable growth by means of one-sector models. 1. Determination of the...
Topics: Economic growth, economic policy, economic planning, mathematical growth models, investment goods,...
An extensive study on the historical formation of the Portuguese language by one of leading Brazilian Philologists, Francisco da Silveira Bueno, following the model set up by Rafael Lapesa in his History of the Spanish language (Historia da lingua espanhola). Um extenso estudo sobre a formação historica da língua portuguesa por um dos principais filologos brasileiros, Francisco da Silveira Bueno, seguindo o modelo desenvolvido por Rafael Lapesa em sua Historia da Lingua Espanhola. Une etude...
Topics: Portugues, Portuguese, Portugais, history of the Portuguese language, formation historique de la...
Ex Concilio Tridentino, Sess. 4, die 8 Aprilis 1546. Clemens Papa VIII Ad Perpetuam Rei Memoriam: Præcipimus, ut nemo hanc sanctarum scripturarum editionem typis mandare præsumat, nisi habito prius exemplari in typographia Vaticana excuso: cujus exemplaris forma, ne minima quidem particula de textu mutata, addita, vel ab eo detracta, nisi aliquid occurrat, quod typographicæ incuriæ manifeste ascribendum sit, inviolabiliter observetur. Aetate nostra, plurimae sunt editiones electronicae...
Topics: Biblia Sacra, Concilium Tridentinum, Clemens Papa VIII, Vulgata Clementina, Latinum Christianum
This large work aims to provide an everyday working tool for as large a number of persons as possible, ranging from beginning students of the language to teachers of Portuguese; from travelers, translators, exporters and importers, to technicians, engineers, scientists, professional people, government officials and diplomats, anyone, in fact, who for any reason may wish to look up a word in Portuguese. It brings the 10 000 most frequent words of the language and contains a total of 60 000...
Topics: Portuguese language, dictionary Portuguese English, James Taylor
Fundaments of Geopolitics by Alexander Dugin, is really an interesting very large book. The Author strives to show Geopolitics as a normal academic discipline worth of consideration. From the editorial statement this becomes clear. Quote: The main reason for the historical antagonism towards Geopolitics is the fact that it reveals too openly the basic mechanisms of international politics, which various regimes prefer to hide behind vague rhetoric or abstract ideological schemes. In this sense,...
Topics: Geopolitics, Russian geopolitics, modern geopolitical theories and schools, modernas teorias...
Elementary mathematics taught by short precepts. Continentur 1 Mathematica generalis, 2 Arithmetica, 3 Geometria, 4 Cosmographia, 5 Uranoscopia, 6 Geographia, 7 Optica, 8 Musica, 9 Architectonica. Philosophia est rerum subtilium expositio. Inter Philosophiae partes eminet Mathesis. Mathesis est ars theorica recte tractandi quantitates. Arithmetica est scientia bene numerandi. Geometria est ars bene metiendi. Preceitos breves de matematica geral elementar em latim.
Topics: Latinum scientificum, elementale matemathicum, elementary mathematics, matematica elementar, modern...